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Posted by / 28-Oct-2019 09:02

Stem bores are sometimes as large as 7/64” but more typically in the 6/64” to 5/64” range.Burnishing was still used in some areas, but very rarely in the far south west, the south east and East Anglia.

Stem bores can, however, be used for distributional plots or as bar graphs to show changing site use over time.The divisions provided by 64ths of an inch make convenient units to express this sort of data.The fractions of an inch are always given in 64ths, and not rationalised to larger alternative units (e.g., it is always 4/64” and not 1/16”).The bowl form is usually the most accurate way of dating a pipe, since the shapes changed rapidly over time.They were also subject to marked regional variation prior to the nineteenth century, so the shape can also be used to identify which part of the country a pipe comes from.

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As a result, fragments usually show a clear taper along their length and can be quite chunky if the fragment comes from near the bowl.

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